ChatGPT set to disrupt various industries

Since its release at the end of November, ChatGPT has gone viral, gaining its first million members in less than a week. Speculation over its ability to displace freelance writers and perhaps endanger Google's main search operation was spurred by its approximation of human discourse. Here is what you need to know.

ChatGPT is a natural language processing (NLP) model developed by OpenAI, a leading research organization in the field of artificial intelligence (AI). ChatGPT is unique in that it is capable of generating human-like text in a conversational context, allowing it to participate in chatbot or messaging applications as a virtual assistant or customer service representative.

The development of NLP models like ChatGPT represents a significant advance in the field of AI and has the potential to revolutionize various industries. In the customer service industry, for example, chatbots powered by ChatGPT and other NLP models could potentially replace human customer service representatives, leading to cost savings for companies. However, the adoption of AI in this context also raises concerns about job displacement and the need for workers to upskill and adapt to new roles.

In addition to customer service, ChatGPT and other NLP models could be utilized in various other industries such as finance, healthcare, and education. In finance, for example, NLP models could be used to analyze and interpret large volumes of unstructured financial data, potentially leading to more efficient and effective financial decision-making. In healthcare, NLP models could be used to process and analyze medical records, enabling faster and more accurate diagnoses and treatment recommendations. In education, NLP models could be used to personalize learning experiences for students and assist with grading and feedback.

The potential applications of ChatGPT and other NLP models are vast and the implications for the economy are significant. As the use of AI in various industries continues to grow, it is likely that we will see a shift in the job market, with some roles becoming automated and others requiring new skills and expertise in fields such as data science and machine learning. It is important for both individuals and society as a whole to consider and address the potential challenges and opportunities presented by the integration of AI into the economy.

Nonetheless, currently, the model faces some challenges, that the creator intends to address in the future. A few limitations of the current version:

  • ChatGPT may generate responses that sound plausible but are actually incorrect or nonsensical. Addressing this issue is difficult as there is currently no established standard for determining the accuracy of responses during reinforcement learning training.
  • ChatGPT can produce different responses based on small variations in the way a question is phrased or if the same prompt is given multiple times. For example, the model may not know the answer to one phrasing of a question but be able to answer it correctly when it is slightly rephrased.
  • The model often gives overly long responses and repeats certain phrases, such as stating that it is a language model trained by OpenAI.
  • Ideally, the model would ask for clarification when the user's question is ambiguous. However, currently, the model tends to make assumptions about the user's intended meaning.

For investors looking to get exposure to the field of AI, one option is to invest in companies that are actively researching and developing AI technologies. 
OpenAI is a private company and therefore not publicly traded, but there are many publicly traded companies working on AI, such as NVIDIA, Alphabet, and Microsoft.

According to reports, Microsoft is in talks to invest up to $10 billion in OpenAI, in addition to the $1 billion already committed.  Additionally, investors can consider investing in exchange-traded funds (ETFs) or mutual funds that focus on technology or AI specifically. It is important for investors to thoroughly research and understand the risks and potential rewards of any investment.


In conclusion, ChatGPT and other NLP models developed by organizations like OpenAI have the potential to revolutionize various industries and have significant implications for the economy. While the adoption of AI presents both challenges and opportunities, it is important for individuals and society to consider and address these issues in order to effectively navigate the integration of AI in the economy.